Somnath Temple 2022 | Somnath Temple Gujrat | Somnath Mandir 2022 | Somnath Jyotirling | Somnath Temple 2022 History | Aarti Timings | Entry Timings
The Somnath Temple, revered as the first of the 12 Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva, is a very ancient Shiva temple located near the port of Veraval in Saurashtra, Gujarat. Presently the place where this temple is situated is also known as Prabhas Patan.
According to ancient Hindu texts, the Somnath temple was built by Chandradev himself, besides this temple is mentioned in Rigveda, Skanda Purana, Bhagwat and Prabhas Khand. However, the present Somnath temple was built by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. And in the year 1955, the first President of our country, Dr Rajendra Prasad inaugurated this temple.
Before the year 1955, this temple was demolished many times by the Mughal invaders, yet this temple was rebuilt again and again by the Hindu kings. A light and sound show is run on the temple premises from 07:30 to 08:30 in the night to tell about the developments related to the history of Somnath temple.
Which, from the history of the temple to the folktales related to the temple, are told in a very beautiful way. Along with being the biggest centre of religious faith, a lot of religious and cultural work is also done in Somnath temple. This temple is very famous for the residents, especially for religious rituals like Shradh and Narayan Bali.
According to the Hindu calendar, the particular importance of performing religious work and Shradh work here in the months of Chaitra, Bhadrapada and Kartik have been told. Somnath temple is also the confluence of three holy rivers of the Hindu religion, Hiranya, Saraswati and Kapila, due to this many devotees from all over the country keep coming here to take bath in Triveni Sangam.
The Mythology of Somnath Temple
01 – You get to hear a very interesting legend related to the construction and naming of Somnath temple here. According to one of the most heard legends here, Chandrama married the 27 daughters of Daksha Prajapati. But out of all the daughters of Daksha Prajapati, Rohini was given the most affection and respect by the Chandrama.
Because of this, all the other wives of the Chandrama got angry with him and all of them together complained about this to their father Daksha Prajapati. On this Dakshaprajapati tried to convince the Chandrama that he should love all his daughters equally. But the Chandrama did not pay heed to anything of Dakshaprajapati.
Enraged by this, Dakshaprajapati cursed the Chandrama that now your brightness will be diminishing every day. After getting the curse, gradually the light of the Chandrama starts decreasing every day and with it, the darkness starts increasing on the earth too.
On this, all the gods together pray to Dakshaprajapati to free the Chandrama from the curse. On this, Dakshaprajapati tells the deities that the Chandrama should pray to Lord Shiva to be free from his curse. As per the suggestion given by Dakshaprajapati, Chandrama starts doing penance to please Lord Shiva.
After doing penance for a long time, Lord Shiva tells the Chandrama to be free from the curse. Now you need to know that the Chandrama is also called “Soma” in the Puranas. After being freed from the curse with the help of Lord Shiva, the Chandrama establishes the Shivling of Lord Shiva at this place. Now when the Chandrama is known as Soma in Vedic times.
As it was called, this place came to be worshipped as “Somnath”. It is believed that after receiving blessings from Lord Shiva, the Chandrama entered the Saraswati river flowing here to regain its lost lustre. Had a bath too.
02 – Another mythological story related to Lord Shri Krishna is also heard prominently here. It is believed that when Lord Krishna was resting at Bhaluka Tirtha. Then after some time, a hunter comes here and without thinking, mistaking the Padma symbol made in the sole of Lord Shri Krishna’s foot as the eye of a deer, shoots arrows.
Which goes straight to the feet of Lord Shri Krishna and it is believed that because of this, Lord Shri Krishna leaves his geographical body and goes to Vaikunth Dham. Even today, a very beautiful temple of Lord Shri Krishna is built near the Somnath temple.
03 – The Mughals attacked the Somnath temple many times and destroyed this temple many times. But every time the Mughals attacked this temple, thousands of brave sons of this earth laid down their lives to protect this holy temple. The name of one such brave warrior Hamir Singh Gohil is taken with great respect here.
Once when Zafar Khan attacked the Somnath temple, then Hamir Singh Gohil gets the information about it. But being a Kshatriya, he did not accept the attack on the Somnath temple. That is why he, along with 200 of his companions, directly sets out to protect the Somnath temple.
On the way, they meet Bhil Sardar Vegda. And when Bhil Sardar Vegda Ji comes to know that Hamir Singh Gohil is going to fight with Zafar Khan along with 200 of his companions to protect the Somnath temple. So he took along with his 300 Bhil warriors leave for the protection of Somnath temple along with Hamir Singh.
On reaching Somnath temple, Hamir Singh Gohil and Bhil Sardar Vegda Ji kept Zafar Khan’s army from attacking Somnath temple for a total of 9 days. But in the end, on the 11th day of the war, Hamir Singh Gohil and Bhil Sardar Vegda Ji got martyrdom on the battlefield.
It is said that when Hamir Singh Gohil’s head was separated from the body while fighting, his body kept fighting for a long time without his torso. Even today the statues of Hamir Singh Gohil and Bhil Sardar Vegda Ji have been installed near the Somnath temple.
Somnath Temple History
The Somnath temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is the only temple in India that has been subjected to maximum Mughal and foreign invasions. Many historians believe that the Somnath temple was attacked and destroyed 17 times and this temple was rebuilt 7 times.
The last time construction work of this temple was started was in the year 1947 and was completed in the year 1951. So far no clear evidence has been found about when the Somnath temple was first constructed. But many ancient texts related to Hinduism like Rigveda, Skanda Purana, Bhagwat and Prabhas Khand etc.
have written about this temple and the Shivling established here. According to these ancient religious texts, the original Somnath temple was built at the time of Satyuga by Moon himself (Somdev) who built this temple out of gold. Apart from this, Ravana had also got this temple constructed with silver in Treta Yuga.
Later in the Dwapara Yuga, Lord Krishna built the Somnath temple with sandalwood wood. According to many historians, the work of reconstruction or restoration of Somnath temple was done by the Maitri kings of Vallabhi around 650 AD. About 75 years after this, in 725 AD, the Arab ruler of Sindh, Al Junaid, attacked the Somnath temple for the first time and looted it and took away all the property of the temple.
However, no clear evidence of this invasion has been found so far. About 90 years after this invasion, in the year 815 AD, the reconstruction work of this temple was done by the Gurjara Pratihar ruler Nagabhatta II. According to historical evidence and many historians, the Somnath temple was looted and destroyed by the Mughal invaders many times by attacking it.
Among all these invaders, the names Al Junaid, Mahmud Ghazni (1024), Afzal Khan, Allauddin Khilji (1296), Muzaffar Shah (1375), Mahmud Begda (1451) and Aurangzeb (1665) are prominently taken. Despite so many invasions, many Hindu kings got the Somnath temple rebuilt and renovated time and again.
First of all, Vikramaditya, the ruler of Ujjain, got the work of restoration of Somnath temple done about 2500 years ago. He was followed by the Raja of Valabhi (650 AD), Bhimdev of Anhilwara (11th century), Raja Khangara of Junagadh (1351 AD), Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar (18th century) and lastly after India became independent.
The first Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel started the reconstruction work of Somnath temple on 13 November 1947, which was completed on 01 December 1955. After this, the first President of the country, Dr Rajendra Prasad Sharma dedicated the Somnath temple to the common citizens of our country on 01 December 1955.
Architecture of Somnath Temple
Although the construction work of the present Somnath temple was completed in the year 1955, this ancient architectural style has been fully taken care of at the time of construction of this temple. For this reason, the present Somnath temple presents a very beautiful example of Hindu architecture built in the Chalukya style.
You get to see very fine and intricate carvings all around the temple. Thousands of beautiful sculptures of Hindu deities with very fine carvings are seen on the walls of the main temple. The Somnath temple is divided into three parts, which are known as Gribhagriha, Nrityamandapa and Sabha Mandap.
When you enter the temple, first comes the Nritya Mandap followed by the Sabha Mandap. At the rear of the temple is the Gribhagriha in which the ancient Shivling of Lord Shiva is situated. The Somnath temple is spread over an area of about 10 square kilometres and there are 42 ancient and new temples built in this entire circumference.
Deities of Mata Parvati, Maa Ganga, Mata Lakshmi, Mata Saraswati and Nandi have also been established in the Somnath temple complex. Apart from this, you also get to see a very beautiful temple of Ganesha on the temple premises. There is also a holy lake named Gaurikund near the temple, near which Shivling is also established.
There is a photo gallery near the main entrance of the temple, in which photographs related to the ruins, excavation, reconstruction and restoration of the temple are displayed. In the year 1782, Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore built a Shiva temple near Somnath temple, for which it is said that the original Shivling of Somnath temple is still installed in this temple.
Baan Stambh Somnath Temple
Situated in the south direction of Somnath temple, Baan Stambh has always been the centre of attraction for the devotees visiting the temple. Although no clear information has been received about when the Baan Stambh was built, it is mentioned in the history books around the 6th century.
The Baan Stambh located in the Somnath temple is a guiding pillar with an arrow at the top which faces toward the sea. An inscription is also written on the Baan Stambh, which is inscribed in Sanskrit ( ‘आसमुद्रांत दक्षिण ध्रुव, पर्यंत अबाधित ज्योर्तिमार्ग‘ ).
In common parlance, it means that there is not a single obstacle or obstacle in the straight line from this point of the sea to the South Pole. According to these words written in Sanskrit on the Baan Stambh, if you go by sea route from this end of the sea to the South Pole, then you will not get any kind of land.
Somnath Temple Entry Timings
Somnath temple is open for devotees from 06:00 am to 10:00 pm.
Note: – Change is possible at the time of entry into the temple, so whenever you go to visit the temple, then you must know about the time of entry into the temple.
Somnath Temple Aarti Timing
Aarti is performed thrice a day in the Somnath temple – morning aarti is performed at the temple at 07:00, afternoon aarti at midnight and sandhya aarti at 07:00 in the evening.
Somnath Temple Festival
In the revered Somnath temple as the first Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva, all the festivals related to the Hindu religion are celebrated with great pomp and enthusiasm. But there are some festivals which are given more priority here. And the first of these festivals is the festival of Maha Shivratri.
Every year in March, at the time of Maha Shivratri, lakhs of devotees from all over the country and abroad come to the Somnath temple to offer water to the Shivling established in the temple. Especially local women go to the Somnath temple during Maha Shivratri to have darshan.
At this time, all married and unmarried women perform a particular type of puja in the temple for the well-being of their families. At the time of Maha Shivratri, the distribution of prasad mainly made of thandai, cannabis, almonds and milk is done in the Somnath temple.
Even in the month of Sawan dedicated to Lord Shiva, you get to see a huge crowd of devotees here. In the month of Sawan, devotees from abroad also come to Somnath temple to have darshan of Lord Shiva. Apart from this, Diwali, the most important festival of Hinduism, is also celebrated with great prominence in the Somnath temple.
According to mythological texts, Lord Shiva killed a demon named Tripusar on the day of Kartik Purnima, which is why after Diwali, the festival of Kartik Purnima is also celebrated with great pomp in the Somnath temple.
Places to visit near Somnath Temple
Somnath Beach, Panch Pandav Cave, Laxminarayan Temple, Chorwad Beach, Suraj Temple, Ahilya Bai’s Temple
Hotels in Somnath
Being a famous religious pilgrimage site, Somnath offers both Dharamshala and Hotel facilities for the pilgrims to stay. Apart from this, many online hotel booking websites also provide the facility of booking hotels in Somnath. You will find the phone numbers of many Dharamshalas built-in Somnath available on Google, you can call there and book a room for yourself in Dharamshala.
How to Reach Somnath
How to Reach Somnath by Air
Diu Airport is the nearest airport to Somnath. Although Diu airport is not a typical commercial airport, there are only a couple of flights a week that too from select cities. Apart from this, Rajkot airport is also the nearest airport to Somnath temple.
The distance between Somnath from Rajkot airport is only 200 km. Apart from this, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Airport of Ahmedabad is also the nearest airport to Somnath temple. You can easily reach Somnath from Diu, Rajkot and Ahmedabad all these places by Bus, Taxi and Cab.
How to Reach Somnath by Train
The nearest railway station to Somnath is Veraval Railway Station. The distance of Somnath from Veraval Railway Station is only around 5 km. Veraval Railway Station is very well connected to many major railway stations in the country. From Veraval Railway Station, you can easily reach Somnath Temple with the help of taxis and cabs.
How to Reach Somnath by Road
Somnath temple is very well connected by road. Regular bus services are available from major cities of Gujarat such as Ahmedabad, Porbandar and Rajkot. Apart from this, you can also reach Somnath temple very easily with the help of taxis and cabs. Apart from this, you can easily reach Somnath by your private vehicle.
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